PyTorch:张量

原文:https://pytorch.org/tutorials/beginner/examples_tensor/polynomial_tensor.html#sphx-glr-beginner-examples-tensor-polynomial-tensor-py

经过训练的三阶多项式,可以通过最小化平方的欧几里得距离来预测y = sin(x)-pipi

此实现使用 PyTorch 张量手动计算正向传播,损失和后向通过。

PyTorch 张量基本上与 numpy 数组相同:它对深度学习或计算图或梯度一无所知,只是用于任意数值计算的通用 n 维数组。

numpy 数组和 PyTorch 张量之间的最大区别是 PyTorch 张量可以在 CPU 或 GPU 上运行。 要在 GPU 上运行操作,只需将张量转换为 cuda 数据类型。

import torch
import math

dtype = torch.float
device = torch.device("cpu")
# device = torch.device("cuda:0") # Uncomment this to run on GPU

# Create random input and output data
x = torch.linspace(-math.pi, math.pi, 2000, device=device, dtype=dtype)
y = torch.sin(x)

# Randomly initialize weights
a = torch.randn((), device=device, dtype=dtype)
b = torch.randn((), device=device, dtype=dtype)
c = torch.randn((), device=device, dtype=dtype)
d = torch.randn((), device=device, dtype=dtype)

learning_rate = 1e-6
for t in range(2000):
    # Forward pass: compute predicted y
    y_pred = a + b * x + c * x ** 2 + d * x ** 3

    # Compute and print loss
    loss = (y_pred - y).pow(2).sum().item()
    if t % 100 == 99:
        print(t, loss)

    # Backprop to compute gradients of a, b, c, d with respect to loss
    grad_y_pred = 2.0 * (y_pred - y)
    grad_a = grad_y_pred.sum()
    grad_b = (grad_y_pred * x).sum()
    grad_c = (grad_y_pred * x ** 2).sum()
    grad_d = (grad_y_pred * x ** 3).sum()

    # Update weights using gradient descent
    a -= learning_rate * grad_a
    b -= learning_rate * grad_b
    c -= learning_rate * grad_c
    d -= learning_rate * grad_d

print(f'Result: y = {a.item()} + {b.item()} x + {c.item()} x^2 + {d.item()} x^3')

脚本的总运行时间:(0 分钟 0.000 秒)

下载 Python 源码:polynomial_tensor.py

下载 Jupyter 笔记本:polynomial_tensor.ipynb

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