热身:NumPy

原文:https://pytorch.org/tutorials/beginner/examples_tensor/polynomial_numpy.html#sphx-glr-beginner-examples-tensor-polynomial-numpy-py

经过训练的三阶多项式,可以通过最小化平方的欧几里得距离来预测y = sin(x)-pipi

此实现使用 numpy 手动计算正向传播,损失和后向通过。

numpy 数组是通用的 n 维数组; 它对深度学习,梯度或计算图一无所知,而只是执行通用数值计算的一种方法。

import numpy as np
import math

# Create random input and output data
x = np.linspace(-math.pi, math.pi, 2000)
y = np.sin(x)

# Randomly initialize weights
a = np.random.randn()
b = np.random.randn()
c = np.random.randn()
d = np.random.randn()

learning_rate = 1e-6
for t in range(2000):
    # Forward pass: compute predicted y
    # y = a + b x + c x^2 + d x^3
    y_pred = a + b * x + c * x ** 2 + d * x ** 3

    # Compute and print loss
    loss = np.square(y_pred - y).sum()
    if t % 100 == 99:
        print(t, loss)

    # Backprop to compute gradients of a, b, c, d with respect to loss
    grad_y_pred = 2.0 * (y_pred - y)
    grad_a = grad_y_pred.sum()
    grad_b = (grad_y_pred * x).sum()
    grad_c = (grad_y_pred * x ** 2).sum()
    grad_d = (grad_y_pred * x ** 3).sum()

    # Update weights
    a -= learning_rate * grad_a
    b -= learning_rate * grad_b
    c -= learning_rate * grad_c
    d -= learning_rate * grad_d

print(f'Result: y = {a} + {b} x + {c} x^2 + {d} x^3')

脚本的总运行时间:(0 分钟 0.000 秒)

下载 Python 源码:polynomial_numpy.py

下载 Jupyter 笔记本:polynomial_numpy.ipynb

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